What contributes to the multitude of bird species in the Białowieża Forest  is the fact that it  lies on the border of two different woodland zones – the mixed deciduous and the boreal ones and its stands are diverse in terms of trees’ age and species.




Species of primeval forest can be observed here, for example woodpeckers. In the forest and in its immediate vicinity 10 species of woodpeckers are recorded, including the white-backed and the three-toed ones.



There are also many interesting species of owls in the forest, such as pygmy and Tengmalm’s owls, as well as eagle owl. Lately great grey owl can also be expected here, as it breeds in Belarusian part of the forest.


Among breeding raptors some species that can be mentioned are: lesser spotted eagle, honey buzzard, recently also white-tailed eagle and greater spotted eagle, irregularly booted eagle and short-toed eagle..


As far as Galliformes are concerned, hazel grouse, black grouse (though very rare) and exeptionally also capercaillie can be encountered.

Flycatchers are also worth mentioning, e. g. spotted and red-breasted flycatchers. They are quite numerous in the forest due to many hollows and half-hollows. Another interesting breeding species that can be mentioned is redwing, black stork and greenish warbler.


The forest is also home to the smallest European birds: goldcrest and firecrest.

However, not only the number of species proves significant, but also their primeval adaptations, e.g. swifts or wood pigeons nesting in tree hollows thanks to the big amount of dead wood. Many species also nest on wind falls.


The most interesting time for birdwatching is probably spring because it is the breeding period.

What can be useful?

Numerous mosquitoes , especially in spring, can make one’s life hard, therefore,  a repellent is a must. To avoid ticks similar repellents can be of much help. It is also important to wear long-sleeved tops and long trousers. In summer flies and deer flies can be a nuisance, in which case a head covering can prove very helpful.

After rain fall or early in the morning, when there is still much dew, it is advised to wear rubber boots.


Białowieża National Park is by no means a real gem. It can be entered only with a guide.

Examples of other interesting routes are the following: Hajnówka – Topiło, Wilczy Szlak (Wolves’

Route) from Kosy Most to Masiewo (and further on through the forest to Babia Góra in the vicinity of the Siemianówka Lake).

Many species of woodpeckers, as well as pygmy owl, are increasing their range, therefore, watching them is becoming easier in various parts of the forest.

The best way of travelling around the forest is by bike or on foot. Entering the forest by car is banned.

Europejski Fundusz Rolny na rzecz Rozwoju Obszarów Wiejskich. Europa inwestująca w obszary wiejskie. Projekt współfinansowany ze środków Unii Europejskiej w ramach osi 4 Leader. Program Rozwoju Obszarów Wiejskich na lata 2007-2013. Projekt zrealizowany przez Stowarzyszenie Metamorphosis. Instytucja zarządzająca Programem Rozwoju Obszarów Wiejskich na lata 2007-13 Minister Rolnictwa i Rozwoju Wsi